Arduino & TSL2561

Arduino & TSL2561

There is a nice sensor called the TSL2561 which gives an indication of the brightness in both the visible and the infrared spectrum. It works on an I2C bus and has a library for the Arduino.

tsl2561back

You can download the library here and you install it like you would any other ZIP library; Sketch, Include Library, Add .ZIP Library. Don’t forget to restart your IDE.

The ZIP files comes with a directory called .github which you should remove (otherwise the IDE won’t stop talking about it). Also in the examples directory, the example ends with a .pde extension. On my computer .pde was not associated with the Arduino IDE so I renamed it to .ino.

There is an example in the library folder on how to use the libary:

#include <Wire.h>
#include "TSL2561.h"

// Example for demonstrating the TSL2561 library - public domain!

// connect SCL to analog 5
// connect SDA to analog 4
// connect VDD to 3.3V DC
// connect GROUND to common ground
// ADDR can be connected to ground, or vdd or left floating to change the i2c address

// The address will be different depending on whether you let
// the ADDR pin float (addr 0x39), or tie it to ground or vcc. In those cases
// use TSL2561_ADDR_LOW (0x29) or TSL2561_ADDR_HIGH (0x49) respectively
TSL2561 tsl(TSL2561_ADDR_FLOAT); 

void setup(void) {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  
  if (tsl.begin()) {
    Serial.println("Found sensor");
  } else {
    Serial.println("No sensor?");
    while (1);
  }
    
  // You can change the gain on the fly, to adapt to brighter/dimmer light situations
  //tsl.setGain(TSL2561_GAIN_0X);         // set no gain (for bright situtations)
  tsl.setGain(TSL2561_GAIN_16X);      // set 16x gain (for dim situations)
  
  // Changing the integration time gives you a longer time over which to sense light
  // longer timelines are slower, but are good in very low light situtations!
  tsl.setTiming(TSL2561_INTEGRATIONTIME_13MS);  // shortest integration time (bright light)
  //tsl.setTiming(TSL2561_INTEGRATIONTIME_101MS);  // medium integration time (medium light)
  //tsl.setTiming(TSL2561_INTEGRATIONTIME_402MS);  // longest integration time (dim light)
  
  // Now we're ready to get readings!
}

void loop(void) {
  // Simple data read example. Just read the infrared, fullspecrtrum diode 
  // or 'visible' (difference between the two) channels.
  // This can take 13-402 milliseconds! Uncomment whichever of the following you want to read
  uint16_t x = tsl.getLuminosity(TSL2561_VISIBLE);     
  //uint16_t x = tsl.getLuminosity(TSL2561_FULLSPECTRUM);
  //uint16_t x = tsl.getLuminosity(TSL2561_INFRARED);
  
  Serial.println(x, DEC);

  // More advanced data read example. Read 32 bits with top 16 bits IR, bottom 16 bits full spectrum
  // That way you can do whatever math and comparisons you want!
  uint32_t lum = tsl.getFullLuminosity();
  uint16_t ir, full;
  ir = lum >> 16;
  full = lum & 0xFFFF;
  Serial.print("IR: "); Serial.print(ir);   Serial.print("\t\t");
  Serial.print("Full: "); Serial.print(full);   Serial.print("\t");
  Serial.print("Visible: "); Serial.print(full - ir);   Serial.print("\t");
  
  Serial.print("Lux: "); Serial.println(tsl.calculateLux(full, ir));
  
  delay(100); 
}

It is quite an extensive example and that is because the sensor has quite some features which the example shows nicely.

This library unfortunately does not work on the ESP, but I did find another library which should work on both which I will discuss later.

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